Last edited by Kisho
Monday, August 10, 2020 | History

2 edition of Environmental impacts of acephate insecticide (Orthene) found in the catalog.

Environmental impacts of acephate insecticide (Orthene)

Henry Willcox

Environmental impacts of acephate insecticide (Orthene)

by Henry Willcox

  • 47 Want to read
  • 31 Currently reading

Published by Dept. of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northeastern Area State and Private Forestry, 1977. in Upper Darby, Pa .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Insecticides -- Toxicology.,
  • Insecticides -- Environmental aspects.

  • Edition Notes

    StatementCompiled by Henry Willcox, III, and Thomas Coffey, Jr.
    SeriesForest insect and disease management
    ContributionsCoffey, Thomas., United States. Forest Service.
    The Physical Object
    Pagination8 p. ;
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL17646424M

    Bonide Systemic Insect Control contains the active ingredient Acephate. Acephate is a non-selective insecticide that can kill any insect that comes into contact with treated areas. You can limit harm to bees and butterflies by not applying Bonide Systemic Insect Control when these insects are visiting the area to . the effects of different insecticides on this insect, as this may impact the efficacy of this agent. While prior research on pesticide selectivity to T. pretiosum exists, the majority of studies have focused on lethal effects (e.g. acute toxicity). As a result, sublethal effects.

    Risks of Acephate Use to the Federally Listed California Red Legged Frog (Rana aurora draytonii) Pesticide Effects Determination Environmental Fate and Effects Division Office of Pesticide Programs Washington, D.C. J 1. Acephate is a highly toxic extensively used OP and, therefore, we aimed to evaluate the effects of acephate on human semen quality and sperm DNA integrity. Sperm collected from healthy males were exposed to 0, 50, , and μ g/mL of acephate and incubated for 1 h, 2 h, and 3 h.

    In this book we have explained chapterwise one by one in a very simle manner to understand students,scientists and agriculturist. The book containg various chapters on Pesticides and Insecticides which helps the budding students and entrepreneurs to set up and expand their existing units. Acephate: CAS Number: (Alternate CAS No) U.S. EPA PC Code: CA DPR Chem Code: Molecular Weight: Use Type: Insecticide: Chem Class: Organophosphorus: View Related Chemicals: Additional Resources About This Chemical Class and Use Type: Historical Use of this Chemical.


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Environmental impacts of acephate insecticide (Orthene) by Henry Willcox Download PDF EPUB FB2

Acephate is an organophosphate insecticide. It is used on food crops, citrus trees, as a seed treatment, on golf courses, and in commercial or institutional facilities.

At one time acephate was used commonly in and around homes, but most of those uses are no longer allowed. Environmental impacts of acephate insecticide (Orthene).

Upper Darby, Pa.: Dept. of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northeastern Area State and Private Forestry, (OCoLC) Chemical Class and Type: Acephate is an organophosphate insecticide.

1 The International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC) chemical name for acephate is O,S-Dimethyl acetylphosphoramidothioate2, and the Chemical Abstracts Service (CAS) registry number is 1 Acephate was first registered for use by the United States Environmental Protection Agency (U.S.

Acephate has been registered for use by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) since Acephate has the molecular formula of C 4 H 10 NO 3 PS. List of known side effects. There are several known side effects of acephate. It can be harmful if swallowed, cause serious eye irritation, and can potentially damage fertility or the unborn.

the affected forests with Bt insecticide s, which has practically no impacts on non-target species, avoids the cascade of ecological impacts caused by the moth (Thompson ). Vertebrate Author: Francisco Sánchez-Bayo.

Richard P. Pohanish, in Sittig's Handbook of Pesticides and Agricultural Chemicals (Second Edition), Uses. Acephate is a general use contact and systemic insecticide.

Not approved for use in EU countries [].Actively registered in the U.S., homeowner use for lawns is discontinued except for treatment of fire ant mounds. Acephate is considered a general use insecticide and is used on many crops inside and outside the U.S. In Canada, maximum residue limits (MRL) have not been established under the Canadian Food and Drug Act and Regulations for acephate on any crop, and therefore only negligible residues.

InRachel Carson published the book “Silent Spring”, in which she mentioned problems that could arise from the indiscriminate use of pesticides. This book inspired widespread concern about the impact of pesticides on the human health and the environment.

Acephate (O,S - dimethyl acetyl phosphoramidothioate), an organophosphate insecticide, was evaluated for its potential to produce developmental toxicity in mice after oral nt ICR (CD-1) mice were given sublethal doses of 0 (distilled water), 7, 14, and 28 mg/kg/day acephate by gavage on Gestation Days 6 through • Acephate is an organophosphate insecticide currently registered for use on a variety of field, fruit, and vegetable crops (e.g., cotton, tobacco, cranberries, mint); in food handling environmental loading and the potential impact to non-target organisms.

Acephate is a widely used organophosphorus insecticide globally, although there are some concerns about its usage with regard to acute consumer exposure and side-effects on nontarget organisms. These concerns are always attributed to the acephate metabolite methamidophos.

In the many reports about the environmental behavior of acephate and its metabolite, none pay any. Acephate is an organophosphate insecticide that does not have approval for use in the EU. It is highly soluble in water and most organic solvents, and is volatile.

It is not expected to leach to groundwater. Whilst it is mobile, it tends not to be persistence in soil or aquatic systems. This book provides information about the nontarget nature of selected soil enzymes which are implicated in soil fertility and health and the methods for their assay.

It also shows how these soil enzym Impact of Acephate and Buprofezin on Soil Cellulases. Naga. Acephate is an organophosphate foliar and soil insecticide of moderate persistence with residual systemic activity of about 10–15 days at the recommended use rate.

It is used primarily for control of aphids, including resistant species, in vegetables (e.g. potatoes, carrots, greenhouse tomatoes, and lettuce) and in horticulture (e.g. Learn more about the active ingredient acephate, including what it is, target pests, mode of action, which products contain acephate, and toxicity around animals and pets.

Acephate is most effective on turf, tree, and ornamental pests. Also control ants (including imported fire ants), cockroaches, crickets, firebrats earwigs, pillbugs, sowbugs, pantry pests, and wasps. Insecticides are substances used to kill insects. They include ovicides and larvicides used against insect eggs and larvae, icides are used in agriculture, medicine, industry and by consumers.

Insecticides are claimed to be a major factor behind the increase in the 20th-century's agricultural productivity. Nearly all insecticides have the potential to significantly alter. The environment alters pesticides by metabolism and photodegradation, and pesticides in turn change the environment through nontarget or secondary effects.

Objectives: Approximately currently used commercial pesticides of widely diverse structures act by nearly a hundred mechanisms to control insects, weeds, and fungi, usually with minimal. Acecap 3/8" systemic insecticide tree implants contain % Acephate for control of many tree pests including aphids, borers (including Emerald Ash Borer), gypsy moths, bagworms, webworms, budworms, cone worms, maple worms, oak worms, cankerworms, casebearer, citrus blackfly, tent caterpillar, elm leaf beetle larvae, honey locust mite, lace bug, leaf folder, leaf miner, Nantucket pine tip Reviews:   The impact of pesticides within an aquatic environment is influenced by their water solubility and uptake ability within an organism (Pereira et al., ).

For example, Clomazone, a popular herbicide, is particularly water soluble; a property that increases its likelihood of contaminating surface and groundwater. Characterization of growth on acephate as a source of sulphur or nitrogen. The molar ratio of C∶ N∶ S per mole of acephate is 4∶ 1∶ 1, so acephate potentially can serve as a source of nitrogen and sulphur, as well as carbon (Fig.

1).To assess this, Pseudomonas sp. Ind01 was inoculated into MM2 and MM3, supplemented with 10 mM acephate. Control cultures included MM1 medium supplemented. The influence of two selected insecticides, acephate and buprofezin, on soil cellulases is presented in detail in this chapter.

Lab experiments were conducted with soil samples treated once, twice or thrice with a single or two insecticides together with N-P-K amendments.Insecticide, any toxic substance that is used to kill insects.

Such substances are used primarily to control pests that infest cultivated plants or to eliminate disease-carrying insects in specific areas. Learn more about the types, modes of penetration, uses, and environmental impacts of insecticides.Because pesticides are toxic, they are also potentially hazardous to humans, animals, other organisms, and the environment.

Therefore, people who use pesticides or regularly come in contact with them must understand the relative toxicity, potential health effects, and preventative measures to reduce exposure to the products they use.